According to the statistics from the agencies of Public Security, there were 5,269,400 registered people in Xiaogan City by the end of 2012. In 2012, there were 65,600 newly-born populations and 49,300 deaths with a birth rate of 12.4‰, death rate of 9.3‰ and a natural growth rate of 3.1‰. Up to the end of 2012, the permanent population (people who has lived in the city for over half a year) was 4,833,100, among which 2,398,900 people were living in the urban area and 2,434,200 were living in rural area with the urbanization rate up to 49.6%.